Q: Can Windows Server 2003 be implemented without Active Directory?
A: Yes. A Windows 2003 server can be a standalone server, can run DHCP, can run WINS, can run DNS and most any other application without being in a domain. It can also be part of a Windows 2000 domain. If you want a centralized authentication and management solution you will want AD, but if you don't need that just use Windows 2003 without AD.
This was first published in August 2005