Windows Server Definitions

  • A

    A+ (A Plus)

    A-Plus (A+) is the name of a process, developed by the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), a large trade group, that certifies individuals for knowledge about and competency in installing, maintaining, customizing, and operating personal computers.

  • Accelerated Hub Architecture (AHA) (or Intel Hub Architecture)

    Accelerated Hub Architecture (AHA) (also called Intel Hub Architecture) is an Intel 800-series chipset design that uses a dedicated bus to transfer data between the two main processor chips instead of using the Peripheral Component Interconnect (PCI) bus, which was used in previous chipset architectures.

  • AccessChk

    AccessChk is a free Sysinternals command-line utility that shows what access a user or group of users has to a particular service, file, folder or registry key.

  • AccessEnum

    AccessEnum is a free Sysinternals tool that offers administrators a view of the full file system and registry security settings to ensure that users have appropriate permissions to access files and directories.

  • ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)

    ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface) is an industry specification for the efficient handling of power consumption in desktop and mobile computers.

  • Active Directory

    Active Directory is Microsoft's trademarked directory service, an integral part of the Windows 2000 architecture. Like other directory services, such as Novell Directory Services (NDS), Active Directory is a centralized and standardized system. (Continued...)

  • Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS)

    Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) is an Active Directory tool that lets administrators customize services in order to issue and manage public key certificates.

  • Active Directory domain (AD domain)

    An Active Directory domain is a collection of objects within a Microsoft Active Directory network. An object can be a single user or a group or it can be a hardware component, such as a computer or printer.

  • Active Directory forest (AD forest)

    An Active Directory forest is the highest level of organization within Active Directory. Each forest shares a single database, a single global address list and a security boundary. By default, a user or administrator in one forest cannot access another forest.

  • Active Directory functional levels

    Active Directory functional levels are controls that specify which advanced Active Directory domain features can be used in an enterprise domain. The enterprise domain is usually comprised of domain controllers that run on different versions of the Windows Server operating system.

  • Active Directory tree (AD tree)

    An Active Directory tree is a collection of domains within a Microsoft Active Directory network.

  • Active Server Page (ASP)

    ASP is also an abbreviation for application service provider.

  • AMIBIOS (AMI BIOS)

    AMIBIOS is one of the original brands of basic input/output system (BIOS) chip and is probably the most commonly installed BIOS chip in today's personal computers.

  • ASPI driver (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface driver)

    In a personal computer, an ASPI driver is a software driver or program that uses the Advanced SCSI Programming Interface (ASPI) protocol to interface with the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) bus.

  • autoexec.bat

    AUTOEXEC.BAT is a file containing Disk Operating System commands that are executable when the computer is booted (started).

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