Enterprise Infrastructure Management Definitions

  • A

    A+ (A Plus)

    A-Plus (A+) is the name of a process, developed by the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), a large trade group, that certifies individuals for knowledge about and competency in installing, maintaining, customizing, and operating personal computers.

  • autoexec.bat

    AUTOEXEC.BAT is a file containing Disk Operating System commands that are executable when the computer is booted (started).

  • AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.

  • B

    binder

    In file management, a binder is a software utility that combines two or more files into a single file.

  • blue screen of death (BSOD)

    The blue screen of death (BSOD), is the informal name given by users to the Windows general protection fault (GPF) error.

  • C

    COM+

    COM+ is an extension of Component Object Model (COM), Microsoft's strategic building block approach for developing application programs.

  • command

    In computers, a command is a specific order from a user to the computer's operating system or to an application to perform a service, such as "Show me all my files" or "Run this program for me.

  • command interpreter

    A command interpreter is the part of a computer operating system that understands and executes commands that are entered interactively by a human being or from a program.

  • compound document

    In information technology, a compound document is an organized collection of user interfaces that form a single integrated perceptual environment.

  • computer

    A computer is a device that accepts information (in the form of digitalized data) and manipulates it for some result based on a program or sequence of instructions on how the data is to be processed.

  • D

    DirectX

    DirectX is an application program interface (API) for creating and managing graphic images and multimedia effects in applications such as games or active Web pages that will run in Microsoft's Windows operating systems.

  • E

    extended desktop

    Extended desktop is a feature in a computer that allows a user to extend viewing capabilities by using two or more monitors at the same time.

  • F

    favicon (favorite icon)

    A favicon (for "favorite icon") is a customized image that Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 (and above) uses, if it is available, as an icon to go with a user-specified bookmarked site on the Links bar at the top of a Web browser window.

  • floating point unit (FPU)

    A floating point unit (FPU), also known as a math coprocessor or numeric coprocessor, is a specialized coprocessor that manipulates numbers more quickly than the basic microprocessor circuitry. The FPU does this by means of instructions that focus entirely on large mathematical operations.

  • G

    gold code

    In software development, gold code is the final, ready-to-manufacture (that is, replicate onto media) version of the software.

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