IT Career Development and Training Definitions

  • A

    ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface)

    ACPI (Advanced Configuration and Power Interface) is an industry specification for the efficient handling of power consumption in desktop and mobile computers.

  • ASPI driver (Advanced SCSI Programming Interface driver)

    In a personal computer, an ASPI driver is a software driver or program that uses the Advanced SCSI Programming Interface (ASPI) protocol to interface with the Small Computer System Interface (SCSI) bus.

  • AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.

  • B

    boot

    To boot (as a verb; also "to boot up") a computer is to load an operating system into the computer's main memory or random access memory (RAM).

  • C

    C

    C is a structured, procedural programming language that has been widely used both for operating systems and applications and that has had a wide following in the academic community.

  • canonical name

    A canonical name is the properly denoted host name of a computer or network server... (Continued)

  • clock cycle

    In a computer, the clock cycle is the time between two adjacent pulses of the oscillator that sets the tempo of the computer processor.

  • Ctrl-Alt-Delete

    In a personal computer with the Windows operating system, Ctrl-Alt-Delete is the combination of keyboard keys that the computer user can press at the same time to terminate an application task or to reboot the operating system (have it shut down and restart itself).

  • D

    defragmentation

    Defragmentation is the process of locating the noncontiguous fragments of data into which a computer file may be divided as it is stored on a hard disk, and rearranging the fragments and restoring them into fewer fragments or into the whole file.

  • dynamic link library (DLL)

    A dynamic link library (DLL) is a collection of small programs that can be loaded when needed by larger programs and used at the same time.

  • E

    Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

    Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) is a system of transferring money from one bank account directly to another without any paper money changing hands.

  • F

    fragmentation

    In some operating system's file systems, a data file over a certain size is stored in several "chunks" or fragments rather than in a single contiguous sequence of bits in one place on the storage medium, a process that is called fragmentation.

  • H

    HPFS (High Performance File System)

    HPFS (High Performance File System) is the file system introduced with IBM's OS/2 Version 1.2. HPFS is noted for handling large files (2 gigabytes) across multiple hard disk volumes (addressable up to 2 terabytes) and long file names (up to 256 bytes).

  • Hungarian notation

    In programming, Hungarian notation is a set of conventions for naming data objects in which a programmer adds a meaningful prefix of one or several characters to the object's name to identify what type of object it is.

  • I

    incident management (IcM)

    Incident management, in information technology, is a process designed to return service to normal as quickly as possible after an incident, in a way that has with little to no negative impact on the business... (Continued)

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