Windows Operating System Management Definitions

  • C

    CNAME

    A CNAME specifies an alias or nickname for a canonical name record in a domain name system (DNS) database. (Continued...)

  • command line interface (CLI)

    A CLI (command line interface) is a user interface to a computer's operating system or an application in which the user responds to a visual prompt by typing in a command on a specified line, receives a response back from the system, and then enters another command, and so forth.

  • D

    dual boot

    A dual boot system is a computer system in which two operating systems are installed on the same hard drive, allowing either operating system to be loaded and given control.

  • E

    enhancement

    In an information technology product, an enhancement is a noteworthy improvement to the product as part of a new version of it.

  • F

    fatal exception

    In a computer error message, a fatal exception indicates an exceptional situation requiring that the program responsible for the situation be closed.

  • I

    illegal operation

    An illegal operation, a term often seen in error messages, is a command to the operating system or an instruction to the computer processor that specifies an operation that is unknown to the operating system or processor and that therefore can't be performed.

  • IOS (Input/Output Supervisor)

    IOS (Input/Output Supervisor) is a Microsoft Windows program that supervises the interaction between file system requests and events and input/output device drivers.

  • M

    Microsoft

    Microsoft is a leading global vendor of computer software; hardware for computer, mobile and gaming systems; and cloud services.

  • Microsoft Nano Server

    Microsoft Nano Server is a lightweight operating system based on Microsoft Windows Server 2016 that is tailored for use as an OS layer for virtualized container instances.

  • Microsoft Windows Server 2016

    Microsoft Windows Server 2016, previously referred to as Windows Server vNext, is a server operating system (OS).

  • Microsoft Windows Server Desktop Experience

    Microsoft Windows Server Desktop Experience is a feature that allows admins to install various Windows 7 features on servers running Windows Server 2008, Windows 8 features on servers running Windows Server 2012 and Windows 8.1 features on servers running Windows Server 2012 R2.

  • Microsoft Windows Subsystem for Linux

    Microsoft Windows Subsystem for Linux is a series of Microsoft components that allow native Linux 64-bit Executable and Linkable Format (ELF64) binaries to run on the Windows kernel in the Windows 10 operating system.

  • O

    Open Document Format (ODF)

    The Open Document Format (ODF) is an XML-based open source file format for saving and exchanging text, spreadsheets, charts, and presentations...

  • P

    PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect)

    PCI (Peripheral Component Interconnect) is an interconnection system between a microprocessor and attached devices in which expansion slots are spaced closely for high speed operation.

  • Q

    Quick Fix Engineering (QFE)

    Quick Fix Engineering (QFE) is a Microsoft term for the delivery of individual service updates to its operating systems and application programs such as Word.

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