Windows Server Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing Microsoft Windows Server and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • P

    PowerShell

    PowerShell is an object-oriented automation engine and scripting language with an interactive command-line shell that Microsoft developed to help IT professionals configure systems and automate administrative tasks.

  • PowerShell provider (Windows PowerShell provider)

    A Windows PowerShell provider is a .NET program that allows the data in a specialized data store to be accessable in Windows PowerShell.

  • PowerShell v3

    PowerShell v3 is a task-automation framework found in client and server versions of Windows

  • problem management

    Problem management, in information technology, is a process aimed at resolving incidents and problems caused by end-user errors or IT infrastructure issues, and preventing recurrence of such incidents.

  • ProLiant

    ProLiant, an "industry standard" computer server from Compaq, typifies the popularly-priced server that is designed to satisfy general computing needs at various levels in an enterprise.

  • PXE (Preboot Execution Environment)

    Preboot Execution Environment (PXE) refers to various methods of getting an IBM-compatible computer, typically running Windows, to boot up without the need for a hard drive or boot diskette.

  • Q

    QDOS (86-DOS)

    QDOS was the forerunner of DOS (Disk Operating System), the first widely-used personal computer operating system.

  • Quick Fix Engineering (QFE)

    Quick Fix Engineering (QFE) is a Microsoft term for the delivery of individual service updates to its operating systems and application programs such as Word.

  • R

    Receive Segment Coalescing (RSC)

    Receive Segment Coalescing (RSC) is an offload technology in Windows Server 2012 and Windows Server 2012 R2 that can help reduce how much of the CPU is used in network processing.

  • red screen of death

    The red screen of death is a term coined by some early testers of Longhorn (the code name for Microsoft's latest Windows operating system) who, in May 2005, came across an error message appearing against an all-red display screen.

  • registry virtualization (Windows Vista)

    Registry virtualization (RV) is a compatibility application that supports write operations in a registry.

  • relative identifier (RID)

    In Windows 2000, the relative identifier (RID) is the part of a security ID (SID) that uniquely identifies an account or group within a domain.

  • remote code execution (RCE)

    Remote code execution is a security vulnerability that allows an attacker to execute codes from a remote server.

  • Remote Network Access Application (RNAAPP)

    RNAAPP (Remote Network Access Application) is one of those occasionally visible yet mysterious little programs that come with the Microsoft Windows 95/98 operating system.

  • Remoting (PowerShell Remoting)

    PowerShell Remoting is a feature in PowerShell that lets admins run commands on remote systems.

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