Windows Server Definitions

  • D

    domain controller

    Primary domain controller (PDC) and backup domain controller (BDC) are roles that can be assigned to a server in a network of computers that use the Windows NT operating system.

  • driver development kit (DDK)

    A driver development kit (DDK) is a set of programs and related files that are used to develop a new software or hardware driver or to update an existing legacy application driver for an operating system.

  • dual boot

    A dual boot system is a computer system in which two operating systems are installed on the same hard drive, allowing either operating system to be loaded and given control.

  • dynamic link library (DLL)

    A dynamic link library (DLL) is a collection of small programs that can be loaded when needed by larger programs and used at the same time.

  • Dynamic Quorum

    Dynamic Quorum is the ability of a cluster to recalculate a quorum as it maintains a working cluster.

  • E

    EDRAM (enhanced dynamic random access memory)

    EDRAM (enhanced dynamic random access memory) is dynamic random access memory (dynamic or power-refreshed RAM) that includes a small amount of static RAM (SRAM) inside a larger amount of DRAM so that many memory accesses will be to the faster SRAM. EDRAM is sometimes used as L1 and L2 memory and, together with Enhanced Synchronous Dynamic DRAM, is known as cached DRAM. Data that has been loaded into the SRAM part of the EDRAM can be accessed by the microprocessor in 15 ns (nanoseconds).

  • Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT)

    Electronic Funds Transfer (EFT) is a system of transferring money from one bank account directly to another without any paper money changing hands.

  • enhancement

    In an information technology product, an enhancement is a noteworthy improvement to the product as part of a new version of it.

  • enterprise

    In the computer industry, an enterprise is an organization that uses computers.

  • extended desktop

    Extended desktop is a feature in a computer that allows a user to extend viewing capabilities by using two or more monitors at the same time.

  • F

    failover cluster

    A failover cluster is a group of servers that work together to maintain high availability of applications and services.

  • fatal exception

    In a computer error message, a fatal exception indicates an exceptional situation requiring that the program responsible for the situation be closed.

  • favicon (favorite icon)

    A favicon (for "favorite icon") is a customized image that Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 (and above) uses, if it is available, as an icon to go with a user-specified bookmarked site on the Links bar at the top of a Web browser window.

  • File Server Resource Manager (FSRM)

    File Server Resource Manager is a features set in the File and Storage Services server role that helps admins classify and manage stored data in file servers for data management.

  • floating point unit (FPU)

    A floating point unit (FPU), also known as a math coprocessor or numeric coprocessor, is a specialized coprocessor that manipulates numbers more quickly than the basic microprocessor circuitry. The FPU does this by means of instructions that focus entirely on large mathematical operations.

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