This tip is excerpted from a Q&A session held on the searchWin2000 site on Feb. 16, 2001. The speaker was Mark Russinovich, Chief Software Architect
Q: What recourse do I have when my server won't boot?
A: There're a number of things you can try. The first is called "Last Known Good" (LGN). You boot the system in LGN mode by paying attention to the prompts you get early in the boot process. LGN rolls the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESystemCurrentControlSet, [the part of the Registry that is] the heart of NT/Win2k's system and driver configuration, to a state that existed the last time the system booted and you successfully logged on. LGN can get around problems related to a freshly installed driver that's preventing the system from booting.
The next thing to try is Safe Mode (available only in Win2k [as opposed to Windows NT 4.0]), which boots the system with a minimal set of drivers. This gets around problems where a third-party non-essential driver has started crashing the system during the boot.
If you know what driver or service is causing the problem, or need to refresh corrupt system files, you can use the Recovery console (new to Win2k) to boot to a minimal command-line environment with some specialized recovery tools.
To read the rest of this Q&A, click over to our searchWin2000 Web site.
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Windows 2000 System Administrator's Black Book
Author : Stu Sjowerman
James Michael Stewart
Publisher : Coriolis Group
ISBN/CODE : 1576102688
Cover Type : Soft Cover
Pages : 752
Published : Jul 2000
Windows 2000 Systems Administrator's Black Book is a must-have reference for system administrators and IS professionals who install, configure, and support workstations and servers on Windows 2000 networks, and who require a detailed guide to Windows 2000 security, start-up and shut-down, disk and file systems management, networking, Internet Information Server, and the Active Directory. Windows 2000 Systems Administrator's Black Book provides details of the upgrade process from Windows NT 4 and discusses integrating Netware servers and Apple Macintoshes with a Windows 2000 network. The accomapanying CD-ROM includes all example projects from the book, code for managing the Windows 2000 Directory, and command line scripts that can be adapted by readers for their own use.
This was first published in March 2001