Server management Definitions

  • A

    AccessChk

    AccessChk is a free Sysinternals command-line utility that shows what access a user or group of users has to a particular service, file, folder or registry key.

  • AccessEnum

    AccessEnum is a free Sysinternals tool that offers administrators a view of the full file system and registry security settings to ensure that users have appropriate permissions to access files and directories.

  • Active Directory

    Active Directory (AD) is a Microsoft product that consists of several services that run on Windows Server to manage permissions and access to networked resources.

  • Active Server Page (ASP)

    ASP is also an abbreviation for application service provider.

  • B

    built-in administrator account

    The built-in administrator account is the first account created when an OS is installed on a new standalone server, member server or workstation.

  • C

    catastrophic failure

    Catastrophic failure is a complete, sudden, often unexpected breakdown in a machine, electronic system, computer or network. This may occur as a result of a hardware event such as a disk drive crash, memory chip failure or surge on the power line... (Continued)

  • client-server network

    A client-server network is a communications model in which multiple client programs share the services of a common server program.

  • cluster log (CL)

    A cluster log (CL) is a record of cluster service activity in a server member cluster.

  • cluster name object (CNO)

    A cluster name object (CNO) is an Active Directory computer object linked with the network resource Cluster Name.

  • D

    DirectAccess

    DirectAccess is a feature introduced in Windows Server 2008 R2 and Windows 7 that uses automated IPv6 and IPSec tunnels to allow remote users to access private network resources whenever they are connected to the Internet.

  • Dolly (Digital Dolly)

    Dolly, also called Digital Dolly, is a program that can quickly clone (copy) drives to drives, drives to files, files to drives, or files to files. Dolly can clone entire disk partitions in block-wise fashion. Dolly can be used to clone the operating system configuration of a computer to numerous others.

  • domain controller

    Primary domain controller (PDC) and backup domain controller (BDC) are roles that can be assigned to a server in a network of computers that use the Windows NT operating system.

  • Dynamic Quorum

    Dynamic Quorum is the ability of a cluster to recalculate a quorum as it maintains a working cluster.

  • F

    failover cluster

    A failover cluster is a group of servers that work together to maintain high availability of applications and services.

  • G

    Global Update Manager (GUM)

    Global Update Manager is a cluster component in the Windows Cluster Architecture.

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