Windows systems and networks Definitions

  • A

    A+ (A Plus)

    A-Plus (A+) is the name of a process, developed by the Computing Technology Industry Association (CompTIA), a large trade group, that certifies individuals for knowledge about and competency in installing, maintaining, customizing, and operating personal computers.

  • Active Directory

    Active Directory (AD) is a Microsoft product that consists of several services that run on Windows Server to manage permissions and access to networked resources.

  • Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS)

    Active Directory Certificate Services (AD CS) is an Active Directory tool that lets administrators customize services in order to issue and manage public key certificates.

  • Active Directory domain (AD domain)

    An Active Directory domain is a collection of objects within a Microsoft Active Directory network. An object can be a single user or a group or it can be a hardware component, such as a computer or printer.

  • Active Directory forest (AD forest)

    An Active Directory forest is the highest level of organization within Active Directory. Each forest shares a single database, a single global address list and a security boundary. By default, a user or administrator in one forest cannot access another forest.

  • Active Directory functional levels

    Active Directory functional levels are controls that specify which advanced Active Directory domain features can be used in an enterprise domain. The enterprise domain is usually comprised of domain controllers that run on different versions of the Windows Server operating system.

  • Active Directory tree (AD tree)

    An Active Directory tree is a collection of domains within a Microsoft Active Directory network.

  • autoexec.bat

    AUTOEXEC.BAT is a file containing Disk Operating System commands that are executable when the computer is booted (started).

  • AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.

  • B

    backup domain controller (Windows NT)

    A backup domain controller (BDC) is a role a Windows NT computer takes on to help manage access to network resources.

  • binder

    In file management, a binder is a software utility that combines two or more files into a single file.

  • blue screen of death (BSOD)

    The blue screen of death (BSOD), is the informal name given by users to the Windows general protection fault (GPF) error.

  • C

    CNAME

    A CNAME specifies an alias or nickname for a canonical name record in a domain name system (DNS) database. (Continued...)

  • COM+

    COM+ is an extension of Component Object Model (COM), Microsoft's strategic building block approach for developing application programs.

  • command

    In computers, a command is a specific order from a user to the computer's operating system or to an application to perform a service, such as "Show me all my files" or "Run this program for me.

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