Windows systems and networks Definitions

  • C

    command interpreter

    A command interpreter is the part of a computer operating system that understands and executes commands that are entered interactively by a human being or from a program.

  • command line interface (CLI)

    A command line interface (CLI) is a text-based user interface (UI) used to view and manage computer files.

  • compound document

    In information technology, a compound document is an organized collection of user interfaces that form a single integrated perceptual environment.

  • computer

    A computer is a device that accepts information (in the form of digitalized data) and manipulates it for some result based on a program, software, or sequence of instructions on how the data is to be processed.

  • D

    DCPromo (Domain Controller Promoter)

    DCPromo (Domain Controller Promoter) is a tool in Active Directory that installs and removes Active Directory Domain Services and promotes domain controllers.

  • Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM)

    Directory Services Restore Mode (DSRM) is a safe mode boot option for Windows Server domain controllers.

  • DirectX

    DirectX is an application program interface (API) for creating and managing graphic images and multimedia effects in applications such as games or active Web pages that will run in Microsoft's Windows operating systems.

  • disjoint namespace

    Disjoint namespace is an occurrence in Active Directory when a member computer with one Domain Name Service (DNS) primary suffix does not have the same DNS domain name as the domain of which the computers are members.

  • dual boot

    A dual boot system is a computer system in which two operating systems are installed on the same hard drive, allowing either operating system to be loaded and given control.

  • E

    enhancement

    In an information technology product, an enhancement is a noteworthy improvement to the product as part of a new version of it.

  • extended desktop

    Extended desktop is a feature in a computer that allows a user to extend viewing capabilities by using two or more monitors at the same time.

  • F

    fatal exception

    In a computer error message, a fatal exception indicates an exceptional situation requiring that the program responsible for the situation be closed.

  • favicon (favorite icon)

    A favicon (for "favorite icon") is a customized image that Microsoft Internet Explorer 5.0 (and above) uses, if it is available, as an icon to go with a user-specified bookmarked site on the Links bar at the top of a Web browser window.

  • floating point unit (FPU)

    A floating point unit (FPU), also known as a math coprocessor or numeric coprocessor, is a specialized coprocessor that manipulates numbers more quickly than the basic microprocessor circuitry. The FPU does this by means of instructions that focus entirely on large mathematical operations.

  • G

    global catalog (Active Directory)

    A global catalog is a data storage source containing partial representations of objects found in a multidomain Active Directory Domain Services (ADDS) forest.

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