Windows systems and networks Definitions

  • G

    gold code

    In software development, gold code is the final, ready-to-manufacture (that is, replicate onto media) version of the software.

  • gpresult

    Gpresult is a command-line tool that shows the RSoP (Resultant Set of Policy) for a user or computer based on applied Group Policy settings.

  • Group Policy

    Group Policy is a hierarchical infrastructure that allows a network administrator in charge of Microsoft's Active Directory to implement specific configurations for users and computers. Group policy is primarily a security tool, and can be used to apply security settings to users and computers.

  • Group Policy Editor (GP Editor)

    Group Policy Editor is a tool that helps administrators manage policy settings in Microsoft Management Console (MMC) snap-ins.

  • Group Policy Management Console

    The Group Policy Management Console (GPMC) is an interface that enables Active Directory administrators to manage Group Policy Objects (GPOs) from one console. 

  • Group Policy Preferences

    Group Policy Preferences are a set of extensions, introduced in Windows Server 2008, that increase the functionality of Group Policy Objects.

  • I

    ICQ

    ICQ ("I Seek You") is a program you can download that will let you know when friends and contacts are also online on the Internet.

  • illegal operation

    An illegal operation, a term often seen in error messages, is a command to the operating system or an instruction to the computer processor that specifies an operation that is unknown to the operating system or processor and that therefore can't be performed.

  • import

    In a personal computer application, to import is to open a file that is in a format different from the format the application creates on its own.

  • Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI)

    Intelligent Platform Management Interface (IPMI) is a specification for the equipment that monitors the physical environment and behavior of a server. The specification, developed jointly by Intel, Hewlett-Packard, Dell, and NEC, is intended to maintain regulation of temperature, voltage, and power, and to ensure the proper operation of the firmware.

  • invocation ID

    An invocation ID is an ID number that identifies databases within Active Directory and changes as AD is in a restore process. Invocation IDs change during the restore process to make sure replication is consistent.

  • IOS (Input/Output Supervisor)

    IOS (Input/Output Supervisor) is a Microsoft Windows program that supervises the interaction between file system requests and events and input/output device drivers.

  • L

    Local Group Policy Editor

    Local Group Policy Editor is a user interface that allows all Local Group Policy objects and their settings to be managed in one place.

  • M

    managed print services (MPS)

    Managed print services (MPS) is the provision and oversight of business document output needs by an external service provider. Rather than dedicating internal resources to business activities related to printing, a company outsources them, freeing up those resources for activities that are more relevant to the business' main concerns.

  • master file table (MFT)

    The master file table (MFT) is a database in which information about every file and directory on an NT File System (NTFS) volume is stored... (Continued)

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