Windows Server Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing Microsoft Windows Server and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • M

    Monad Manifesto

    The Monad Manifesto is a document written by Jeffrey Snover in 2002 that outlined his idea for a new Windows systems administration tool named Monad, which was changed to Windows PowerShell.

  • mscorsvw.exe

    Mscorsvw.exe is a process that is used to precompile Microsoft .NET framework assemblies in the background.

  • MTS (Microsoft Transaction Server)

    This definition is generally duplicated under Viper.

  • Windows Admin Center (formerly Project Honolulu)

    Windows Admin Center, formerly Microsoft Project Honolulu, is a browser-based utility that manages Windows Server and client operating systems, hyper-converged clusters and failover clusters.

  • Windows containers

    Windows containers are abstracted, isolated and portable operating environments supported by the Microsoft Windows Server 2016 operating system and managed with tools such as Docker and PowerShell.

  • N

    NDIS (Network Driver Interface Specification)

    NDIS (Network Driver Interface Specification) is a Windows specification for how communication protocol programs (such as TCP/IP) and network device driver should communicate with each other.

  • NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface)

    NetBEUI (NetBIOS Extended User Interface) is a new, extended version of NetBIOS, the program that lets computers communicate within a local area network.

  • Network Access Quarantine Control (NAQC)

    Network Access Quarantine Control (NAQC) is a Resource Kit tool in Windows Server 2003 and  Windows Server 2008 that allows administrators to prevent remote client computers from connecting to their network with machines that aren't secure.

  • Ntdsutil

    Ntdsutil.exe is a command-line tool for accessing and managing a Windows Active Directory database. 

  • NTFS (NT file system; sometimes New Technology File System)

    NTFS (NT file system; sometimes New Technology File System) is the file system that the Windows NT operating system uses for storing and retrieving files on a hard disk.

  • O

    OAB (offline address book)

    An Offline Address Book is a downloaded copy of a Microsoft Outlook user's address list which allows the user access to email addresses when disconnected from Exchange Server.

  • OCX

    An OCX is an Object Linking and Embedding (OLE) custom control, a special-purpose program that can be created for use by applications running on Microsoft's Windows systems.

  • offline folder file

    An offline folder file is the location for offline folders (OST files) in Microsoft Outlook.

  • OLE (Object Linking and Embedding)

    OLE (Object Linking and Embedding) is Microsoft's framework for a compound document technology.

  • OOXML (Office Open Extended Markup Language)

    OOXML (Office Open Extended Markup Language), also called Open XML, is a file format for documents, spreadsheets and presentations that is intended for use with the 2007 and later versions of the Microsoft Office suite... (Continued)

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