Windows Server Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing Microsoft Windows Server and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • A

    AutoRun

    AutoRun is a feature of the Windows operating system that causes predetermined actions when certain media is inserted. Common media types that trigger AutoRun actions include CDs, DVDs and USB storage devices.

  • B

    backup domain controller (Windows NT)

    A backup domain controller (BDC) is a role a Windows NT computer takes on to help manage access to network resources.

  • batch file

    A batch file is a text file that contains a sequence of commands for a computer operating system.

  • binder

    In file management, a binder is a software utility that combines two or more files into a single file.

  • BizTalk

    BizTalk is an industry initiative headed by Microsoft to promote Extensible Markup Language (XML) as the common data exchange language for e-commerce and application integration on the Internet.

  • blue bomb (WinNuke)

    A "blue bomb" (also known as "WinNuke") is a technique for causing the Windows operating system of someone you're communicating with to crash or suddenly terminate.

  • blue screen of death (BSOD)

    The blue screen of death (BSOD), is the informal name given by users to the Windows general protection fault (GPF) error.

  • boot

    To boot (as a verb; also "to boot up") a computer is to load an operating system into the computer's main memory or random access memory (RAM).

  • boot partition

    A boot partition is a disk partition responsible for holding Windows system files when booting up Windows.

  • bootable floppy

    A bootable floppy is a diskette containing a back-up copy of your hard disk master boot record (MBR).

  • built-in administrator account

    The built-in administrator account is the first account created when an OS is installed on a new standalone server, member server or workstation.

  • C

    C

    C is a structured, procedural programming language that has been widely used both for operating systems and applications and that has had a wide following in the academic community.

  • canonical name

    A canonical name is the properly denoted host name of a computer or network server... (Continued)

  • carbon copy (cc)

    In e-mail, a carbon copy (abbreviated "cc," and sometimes "fcc" for "first carbon copy") is a copy of a note sent to an addressee other than the main addressee.

  • catastrophic failure

    Catastrophic failure is a complete, sudden, often unexpected breakdown in a machine, electronic system, computer or network. This may occur as a result of a hardware event such as a disk drive crash, memory chip failure or surge on the power line... (Continued)

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